Medico Veterinario Zootecnista

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    "Asesoramiento tècnico para el mejoramiento de las vìas de las àreas de avicultura y apicultura de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias".
    (Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria, 2022-11-10) Bahamonde Torres Alexis. ; Saltos Palacios Karen Melina.
    The present community work "Technical advice for the improvement of the roads of the Poultry and Beekeeping areas of the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences" sought to make an improvement in the access roads to these different areas, by carrying out a theoretical-practical investigation and in turn advice with trained personnel. The development of this project began with the taking of measurements of the roads to be improved, giving a total of 600 m, after which the land was leveled using a vibrating roller, to build the sewer system the topography of the place was taken into account, where An excavation of about 3 meters was carried out to place the pipe that was obtained as the body of the storm sewer, then the sub-base layer was laid using granular material accompanied by hydration that improved good compaction when the vibratory roller was produced. Finally, the laying of the base layer was carried out using stone material, improving the support of road loads. For the construction of the sewer heads, concrete was used, taking into account the point of entry and exit of rainwater. The total investment for the development of this road project was $8,000.00 (eight thousand dollars) which was used to improve the 600m corresponding to the access road to the poultry sheds as well as the access road to the beekeeping center. With these improved access roads, an optimal vehicular and pedestrian passage was evidenced, for which a growth in the development of practices and research by teachers and students is estimated, as well as an increase in the use of these facilities through the participation of the communities that make up the Lodana parish.
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    "Detecciòn de los niveles de cortisol sanguìneo en bovinos destinados a sacrificio en el centro de faenamiento Municipal de Portoviejo".
    (Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria, 2022-11-29) Bravo Rengifo Angie Michelle. ; Zambrano Pin Morelia Mishelle.
    The objective of the research was to detect blood cortisol levels in bovines destined for slaughter at the Portoviejo Municipal Slaughterhouse. When developing the practical work of the investigation, 132 blood samples were taken from the jugular vein of the bovines landed at the slaughter center that came from different places in the province and outside it during 4 working weeks. The 132 samples obtained were separated and grouped according to age, sex and transport time to create the relationship between the resulting cortisol values and the variables. The results of the investigation indicated that transport itself is not the trigger for high cortisol production, as a whole, sex, age and the conditions of transport from the place of origin raise blood cortisol levels and in addition to this , there are more factors that contributed to the increase in these levels that were not studied, but they did influence each individual, such as the environment, physiological processes such as pregnancy, pathological processes such as infections, among others. The handling of bovines upon their arrival at the slaughter center is a key point prior to slaughter. The insufficient adequate conditions and the quality of life in their production and transport sites from these places to the slaughter center are the main causes of elevated blood cortisol levels in the bovines studied.
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    "Determinaciòn del efecto de las campañas de esterizaciones en el control poblacional de caninos y felinos de la parroquia Crucita del cantòn Portoviejo".
    (Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria, 2022-11-02) Loor Chica Pedro Antonio. ; Mendieta Contreras Juan Carlos.
    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of spay/neuter campaigns on the population control of canines and felines in the Crucita parish of the Portoviejo canton. The research is qualitative, with a non-experimental approach and a descriptive design. For its development, a survey was designed and applied to the guardians and non-guardians of dogs and cats in the sectors of Crucita Centro, Los Arenales and Las Gilces, which facilitated the fulfillment of the objectives from the application of the surveys to the respective analysis of the results. In relation to the above, a comparison was made of the data against those obtained in 2018 by the census conducted by the Municipal Decentralized Autonomous Government of Canton Portoviejo and the Animal Protection Foundation of Ecuador. It was identified that there is no significant difference between the values obtained in 2018 and 2021, highlighting that the percentage of sterilization in canines 4 years ago was 46% and now is 48%, while, in felines was 32% and now is 43%, missing more than 50% of the population of dogs and cats to be sterilized. At the same time, it was determined that more than 50 % of the owners do not know about the consequences of not sterilizing. Therefore, it is necessary to employ measures that contribute to increase knowledge and increase the number of sterilized pets.
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    "Infecciòn y coinfecciòn de hemotròpicos en el ganado bovino en predios del cantòn Santa Ana".
    (Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria, 2022-10-28) Zambrano Rodriguez Jennifer Victoria. ; Zambrano Vèlez Andrea Gabriela.
    Hemoparasitic diseases are caused by parasites that have a tropism for blood, and are transmitted by the bite of ticks or/and flying dipterans, being more prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas, and that is why this project aimed to determine the presence of hemotropic infections and coinfections in cattle in selected farms of the Santa Ana canton and their relationship with clinical signs, laboratory tests, and risk factors inherent to the animal. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in three farms (small, medium and large) located in the Santa Ana canton. 139 blood samples were collected from all the animals in the three farms and used diagnostic tests: blood smear microscopy and polymerase chain reaction for Anaplasma spp., and Babesia spp., and for Trypanosoma spp., blood smear microscopy and Woo's technique. A proportion of Anaplasma spp. 40.28% (56/139) by blood smear microscopy and polymerase chain reaction 91.37% (127/139); in Babesia spp., positive cases were found by polymerase chain reaction, with a proportion of 11.51% (16/139), while there were no positives by blood smear; and, for Trypanosoma spp, a 0.72% (1/139) proportion was found using the Woo technique, while there was no positive in blood smears; Anaplasma spp. coinfection was found in 11.51% of the animals. and Babesia spp., and 0.72% of animals showed coinfection between Anaplasma spp. and Trypanosoma spp. The risk factors: age, sex, body condition and presence or absence of ticks had no significance (>0.05) or association for anaplasmosis and babesiosis, while the clinical signs and laboratory tests studied (body temperature, hematocrit and total protein ), significance (<0.05) was found in total proteins for both diseases using the Chi-Square test and Pearson's correlation. In conclusion, Anaplasma marginale was the most frequent hemoparasite and was found in a higher proportion, unlike Babesia spp. and Trypanosoma spp., which are present in a lower proportion.
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    "Caracterizaciòn morfomètrica de bovinos con biotipo criollo jaspeado manabita en relaciòn con el meztizaje en la parroquia Boyacà".
    (Carrera de Medicina Veterinaria, 2022-10-28) Alcìvar Alvarez Rosa Lisbeth.
    The purpose of this study was to establish the differences in morphometric characteristics of the cows with the Mottled Creole biotype versus the mestizo biotypes existing in the area. For this purpose, a descriptive, non-experimental, field study with a cross-sectional and quantitative approach was implemented. A population of 30 animals of the Criollo Jaspeado biotype and 30 mestizo animals with taurine crossbreeding, belonging to the Boyacá parish, Chone canton, province of Manabí, at 52 meters above sea level, were evaluated. The variables evaluated were height, body condition, weight, hoof angle, pelvic contour, length and width of vulva, width of ileum and ischium, length and diameter of teats. Among the outstanding results, there were significant statistical differences between the two groups of cattle for the body condition variable, with better performance for the variable in the Creole Marbled biotype cattle, despite the fact that the study was carried out during the dry season of the year. It is evident that this type of cattle maintains an optimal body condition in spite of the irregular topography, dry tropical climate, pasture limitations, distant access to water and presence of pests. Similarly, no significant statistical differences were found for the variable height and weight in kilograms. In the case of productive characteristics, there were no significant statistical differences for hoof angle, pelvic contour, vulva length and width, ileum and ischium width and teat length. However, the teat diameter variable generated significant statistical differences, based on the genetic predisposition with dairy aptitude of cattle with the Criollo Jaspeado biotype. It is demonstrated that cattle with the Criollo Jaspeado biotype are capable of competing in meat structure and dairy aptitude with the Brahman and Gyr dairy crossbreeding existing in the area.